In the specific design, it should be carried out according to actual needs. In addition to paying attention to practicality and atmosphere, it is also necessary to choose beautiful and elegant lamps.
1. Lighting design for different places
There are three types of lighting methods: exposed, hidden and semi-hidden. Several design methods are now introduced, which can be used according to actual needs.
1.1. Lighting in public places
Shopping malls, offices, waiting rooms, banks, libraries, lecture halls, kitchens in the rooms, study rooms, etc., are mainly fluorescent lamps and diffused light, supplemented by indirect lighting, and some incandescent lamps should be designed to adjust the relationship between heating and cooling.
1.2. Lighting of exhibition halls and showcases
The decoration of exhibition halls, showcases, wall murals and scenic spots should be mainly spotlights, such as spotlights, universal bullseye lights, track spotlights, etc., for direct illumination, or add some hidden lights for decoration.
1.3. Lighting of entrance hall and living room
The living room of the entrance hall and the living room generally adopt luxurious ceilings, crystal lamps to show its luxury, ceilings are equipped with hidden lights, and the walls are generally lighted at scenic spots to replace wall lamps.
1.4. Lighting of restaurants and bars
Restaurants and bars use boom downlights, quartz downlights, and high and low lights to illuminate to enhance the illuminance and facilitate work, while also increasing the atmosphere of the restaurant.
1.5. Lighting of children's room
Children's rooms are suitable for comprehensive diffused lighting.
1.6. Lighting of the net cafe
The coffee shop should be mainly warm light, and use incandescent or candle light more. The illumination should not be too strong or too cold. This will not only enhance the atmosphere, but also increase privacy.
2. Lighting design in interior decoration
In most cases, it is a coordinated design, which is completed by the designer and electrician in cooperation. In addition to consideration of beautification and decoration factors, the designer's responsibilities also include electrical installation, lighting types, features, etc., and from this, propose design intentions and plans, draw construction drawings for electricians to complete.
2.1. Pay attention to the heating and cooling problems in lighting
Fluorescent lamps are cold light, incandescent lamps and quartz lamps are warm light. When the interior is all cold light, it will give people the feeling of coldness. When all incandescent lamps are used, although it gives people warmth, the illuminance is not enough, and the indoor artistic effect also lacks contrast.
2.2. Design the light source according to the ceiling shape
The lighting in the ceiling should be combined with the ceiling stacking and the ceiling plane shape to hide the light or semi-dark, allowing the primary light source and the secondary light source to interact with multiple lights.
2.3. Pay attention to the brightness of fluorescent lamps and incandescent lamps
The 40-watt fluorescent lamp is equivalent to the 100-watt incandescent lamp illuminance. Therefore, from the perspective of economy, more consideration should be given to the use of fluorescent lamps, but the one-time investment of fluorescent lamps is greater than that of incandescent lamps, and the light is cold, not suitable for excessive use in guest rooms, restaurants and other places.
2.4. Use natural light as much as possible
The facades of many shopping malls and large hotels should use large glass as much as possible to take in natural light, avoid artificial light during the day, and use light only in special environments. The light distribution according to the requirements of the functional area is an important factor related to spatial differentiation and combination.
2.5. Pay attention to the comparison of illuminance
The design pays attention to contrast, and the illumination contrast is more interesting. For example, in a coffee shop, the illuminance in the work area of the bar is high, and the illuminance in the seating area is low. This ratio difference is as high as 8:1. For example, if the ratio difference of the irradiating bull's eye lamp on the wall is 2:1, it will appear flat, but it should not exceed 6:1. This lighting contrast method is very important to the design of the wall.
2.6. Pay attention to the use of lamps and materials
Generally, indoor decoration should guarantee the service life of 5-10 years. Pay attention to the use of lighting materials is an important link. The designer should indicate the conditions of the selected luminaires when designing the luminaire to ensure the quality of the project.